Transferring Probation Out Of Colorado – The Interstate Compact

Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision: Transferring Supervised Offenders Across State Boundaries

Understanding how to obtain a transfer of your Colorado probation requires and complete familiarity with the Interstate Commission for Adult Offender Supervision (ICAOS). ICAOS was created to promote cooperation and coordination among the states and U.S. Territories in the transfer of supervised offenders across state boundaries.

The ICAOS provides oversight and assistance in administering the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision, which was approved in 2002.  All 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands are signatories to the Compact. This Compact has the authority of federal law and supersedes any state law to the contrary. All state and federal courts and administrative bodies must abide by the rules of this Compact.

No court or paroling authority may authorize an offender to relocate before acceptance by the receiving state.

The Questions:

How does the Interstate Compact work?

What offenders are eligible to transfer under the Interstate Compact?

Are misdemeanants eligible for transfer under the Interstate Compact?

What are the registration requirements for felons and sex offenders in Colorado and other states?

How long does the Interstate Compact transfer process usually take?

Can an offender transfer supervision under the Interstate Compact to another country?

Does an offender have to remain in Colorado while waiting for the other state to respond to their transfer request?

Do the Interstate Compact rules allow a receiving state to impose additional conditions of supervision?

The “Compact” for the supervision of adult offenders 

How does the Interstate Compact work? 

An offender on supervision who wishes to transfer their supervision to another state must first discuss their request with their officer. At the discretion of the officer, the officer will review the offender’s plan to ensure it meets criteria for transfer as specified in the Compact rules, and verify that the offender is in compliance with all conditions of supervision. If the offender is in full compliance and the offender’s plan meets criteria for transfer, the officer will have the offender sign the required forms and submit a transfer request through the Interstate Compact Offender Tracking System (ICOTS). Upon review by the Colorado Interstate Compact Office, the transfer request will then be submitted to the other state for investigation and a decision on acceptance or rejection. 

What offenders are eligible to transfer under the Interstate Compact?

All offenders placed on probation by the Court or released from prison to a post-release supervision program under the jurisdiction of the Colorado Parole Commission may apply to have their supervision transferred, subject to the approval of their supervising officer or classification/release officer (for offenders pending release from prison directly to a plan out-of-state). Offenders on Community Control are not eligible for transfer under the Interstate Compact.

An offender’s plan for transfer of supervision under the Interstate Compact must meet the following criteria:

Offender must have more than 90 days or an indefinite period of supervision remaining, and

Offender must have a valid plan of supervision, and

Offender must be in substantial compliance with the terms of supervision, and

Offender must be a resident of or have resident family in the receiving state who has indicated a willingness and ability to assist, and

Offender can obtain employment there or has a means of support, or

Though not a resident of the receiving state and not having family residing there, the receiving state consents to such a person being sent (discretionary transfer).

In addition, offenders who are members of the military deployed out of state, offenders living with family who are members of the military deployed out of state , offenders living with a family member transferred to another state by their full-time employer as a condition of maintaining employment, and offenders being transferred to another state by their full-time employer as a condition of maintaining employment are eligible for transfer of supervision as long as they meet the requirements for transfer as specified above and plan to reside with the deployed or transferred family member in the receiving state.

Are misdemeanants eligible for transfer under the Interstate Compact?

A misdemeanor offender whose sentence includes one year or more of supervision is eligible for transfer provided the instant offense includes one or more of the following:

An offense in which a person has incurred direct or threatened physical or psychological harm

An offense that involves the use or possession of a firearm

A second or subsequent misdemeanor offense of driving while impaired by drugs or alcohol

A sexual offense that requires the offender to register as a sex offender in the sending state

How long does the Interstate Compact transfer process usually take?

The transfer process usually takes forty-five (45) days from the date the request is received by the other state. 

Can an offender transfer supervision under the Interstate Compact to another country?

The Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision only governs the transfer of offenders between the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the US Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico. The Interstate Compact Office does not process such transfers. 

Does an offender have to remain in Colorado while waiting for the other state to respond to their transfer request?

Yes. An offender who does not qualify for reporting instructions or who has not been granted reporting instructions by the receiving state must remain in Colorado until the receiving state notifies Colorado of acceptance of the case and provides reporting instructions. 

Do the Interstate Compact rules allow a receiving state to impose additional conditions of supervision?

Yes. A receiving state shall supervise an offender transferred under the Interstate Compact in a manner determined by the receiving state and consistent with the supervision of other similar offenders sentenced in the receiving state.

Colorado Compact for the supervision of adult offenders.

A Summary:

The compacting states to this interstate compact recognize that each state is responsible for the supervision of adult offenders in the community who are authorized pursuant to the bylaws and rules of this compact to travel across state lines both to and from each compacting state, in such a manner as to track the location of offenders, transfer supervision authority in an orderly and efficient manner, and, when necessary, return offenders to the originating jurisdictions. The compacting states also recognize that Congress, by enacting the “Crime Control Act,” 4 U.S.C. s. 112, has authorized and encouraged compacts for cooperative efforts and mutual assistance in the prevention of crime.

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